While they are part of the Cichlid family, Bolivian Rams are far more peaceful than other Cichlid species. Make sure the tetras/barbs would like the. This cichlid is incredibly colorful, and fully colored adult specimens shimmer with all the hues of the rainbow. Pieces of driftwood will be useful as well, providing the fish with refuge in the face of a threat. Bolivian Ram (Mikrogeophagus altispinosa) – Known for their golden-brown color, Bolivian rams have multicolored highlights that make them quite attractive. It has a delicate elongated oval shape adorned with long pointed fins and tail. The juveniles are very active, and the parents are not very good at protecting the territory. Bolivian Ram is an endemic to the Amazon river basin. After another five to eight days the larvae become free swimming, and then they can be given freshly hatched Artemia and microworms. After about 48 hours (depending on the temperature) the larvae hatch from the eggs. They also like areas with flat rocks and natural caves during the breeding season. The Bolivian Ram requires a tank of 30 gallons minimum. If you have more than one ram add 5-10 extra gallons per ram. In the wild Bolivian ram inhabits Amazon river headstream and Guaporé and Mamoré river basins. Description. The canopy of your aquarium ensures: Your fish don’t jump out of your aquarium. This species usually lays its eggs on a hard surface (stone, wood, etc. ), and only very rarely in pits dug in the sand. The spawning lasts for about an hour, and in this time around 100 to 300 eggs will be laid in a circle. When a suitable stone has been chosen, thorough cleaning commences, and then pits are dug around it in the sand, to which the larvae will later be transferred. Also they like clean water. The mature males are very active and often display to the females, spreading their fins. Make it like … Fairly common in the aquarium trade, Bolivian rams are fairly hardy and adaptable in the home aquarium. Although it is not mandatory to put the pair in a separate tank, it helps in maintaining the tank conditions required for breeding in a separate tank. Then the spawning process begins; the female lays the ovoid, light gray eggs, a few at a time, and they are immediately fertilized by the male. If you get rummynose then one of the best, I would do 3 gouramI if you go for honeys. Bolivian Ram Fish are very fascinating and friendly fishes that have the potential to add grace to your aquarium. They are a tropical freshwater fish so keep the water between 74 and 78 degrees Fahrenheit and do not use saltwater. The pH can range from 6.5 to 7.5, the GH should be below 10, and the temperature around 25° to 28°C (77° to 82°F). Males are slightly longer (10 cm, or 4 inches, in length) and slimmer than the females, which in turn are stouter and more rounded in the belly area. They are not that difficult to care for as long as you meet some basic requirements for them. I say go for rummynose. There is an interesting and complicated story connected with the genus Mikrogeophagus, as well. The Bolivian Ram Mikrogeophagus altispinosus (previously Paplilochromis altispinosus) is a very beautiful, small, and peaceful cichlid.This is a dwarf cichlid, only reaching up to about 3 1/2 inches (8.9 cm) in length. The Planted Tank Forum Since 2002 A forum community dedicated to Aquatic tank owners and enthusiasts. We should not forget good filtration, and partial water changes should be made weekly to reduce the level of nitrates, which, in large concentrations, negatively influence the well-being of these dwarf cichlids and can even cause mortality in young specimens. Consider the following to pair with your Bolivian rams: Angelfish; Barbs (tiger, cherry, or Odessa) The fish areal is quite wide and it includes North and North-East Bolivia as well as Brazilian state Mato Grosso.The fish dwells in river tributaries, backwaters and lakes with sandy and muddy bottom; usually it prefers shallow and slow waters with lots of snags and luxuriant vegetation. On account of their peaceful temperament they are the perfect inhabitants for community aquariums, and they can be confidently recommended to all novice enthusiasts of South American cichlids. Questions to Ask Before Starting a Freshwater Fish Tank. As a result the fry can easily become food for the other fish, which is another reason why it is advisable to separate them. Tank Set-Up. They are extremely colorful, of medium size, omnivorous, and furthermore they can adapt to various environmental conditions and breed easily. Bolivian rams are not necessarily schooling or shoaling fish. They can be moved to another aquarium, or, as I have already mentioned, the parents with the young can be divided from the rest of the fish with a tank divider. A dark substrate will help to accent the colors of this fish. They can be found in Brazil and Bolivia in permanent freshwater streams and pools. A well cared for Bolivian ram will live for around four years, though there are instances of them living slightly longer. The Bolivian ram fish has a unique and unusual look and is a hardy tropical fish. However, we should take care not to overfeed, as this species is voracious. These dwarf cichlids have all the characteristics of a popular aquarium fish. The rummynose would do alright with him, or down the road they would do great with the GBR you want to get as they like warm water. After about six months, well-fed young fish will, on average, reach a length of 4 cm (1½ inches). In soft water it is more prolific, and interestingly, it forms very strong monogamous relationships. Freshwater Tropical Fish Articles | TFH Magazine, http://www.tfhdigital.com/tfh/200803/#pg93, The Electric Blue Ram | Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine, Mikrogeophagus altispinosus Species | Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine. If you want your fish to breed, provide them with flat stones in the aquarium. ©2020 TFH Magazine, a Central Garden & Pet Company. As far as feeding is concerned, the food should be small in size and varied; both live and dry foods are equally greedily taken. Description: The Bolivian Ram is a beautiful fish, often used as a centerpiece fish in aquariums. My question is, he is my first. It is endemic or found exclusively in the upper Rio Madeira basin in Bolivia and Brazil. First of all, make sure the tank is at least 50 gallons and has plenty of shelter and hiding spots in the form of wide leaves, caves, large stones, smooth pebbles, snags, among others. Hailing straight from the river basins of Bolivia and Brazil, this fish is very hardy and easy to care. Spiny dorsal fins, a feast of colors, small size, and mouths shaped like parrot beaks are all characteristics that make the popular Bolivian rams aquarium favorites. Let’s find out how these two fish species behave in a community tank. She is peaceful and has an interesting bright color and body shape. During this time the male becomes very aggressive, so it is advisable to separate the pair from the rest of the fish with a divider placed crosswise in the aquarium. Bolivian Ram. They do not require very soft and extremely acidic water to live and develop properly, and they can adapt to various chemical parameters. If your looking to get into dwarf cichlids start with the Bolivian Ram. However, we should not forget to leave open space for swimming, as these are active fish. Bolivian rams stay relatively small in captivity, and grow to a maximum of 3 inches (8 cm) with the males growing slightly larger than the females. 77/8 is fine for Bolivians, but if you want pandas then lowering it to around 75 would be best. These fish prefer fine sand or gravel substrate and, though they can be a shy species, will thrive if given plenty of cover in the form of live plants and driftwood branches. I do want to keep him though, and I have a 10 gallon tank just sitting around with all the supplies I need, so I was going to keep him in there, if 10 gallons is big enough. Looks good. Great, hardy dwarf cichlid. For larger community tanks, you can keep Bolivian rams with other peaceful fish of similar size. They have a black spot on each side of their body, and also have red edges on their fins. These Cichlids are one of the easiest of the dwarf cichlids to care for making them suitable for the beginner aquarist as well as the more advanced aquarist as well as being an excellent choice for a community aquarium. You can put just one in the tank as long as the tank is large enough - minimum would be 20 gal for 1 ram (imo). The pH in a Bolivian ram tank should be kept around 6.5 - 7.0, being no lower than 6.0 and no higher than 7.5. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. I recommend this equipment for a 20-gallon community tank with a Bolivian Ram: Lights: The NICREW ClassicLED aquarium lights will support any low-light live plants like the aquatic Java Fern that you end up putting in your community tank. These fish are endemic to parts of the Amazon River Basin. (Opens new tab) How do I determine the size of my aquarium? A well-known fish researcher, Frey introduced the genus Microgeophagus, and spelled it with a “c,” in 1957. Hi! Re: Bolivian Ram tanks mates Tue Oct 22, 2013 2:21 pm I just sold off mine but I kept 2 pair and an extra female in a 29 biocube along with some plecos, swordtails, and rasboras without any problems. The Bolivian Ram is a good alternative to the more colourful, but also more demanding, Ram or Butterfly Cichlid, and doesn't require the elevated temperatures of it's counterpart. In 1968 Meulengracht-Madsen introduced the name Mikrogeophagus, spelling it with a “k.” This led to a dispute among the scientists as to which of the two names was valid. Provided that they are given perfect living condition, the fish can grow up to 5 inches in length.Other characteristic of the fish is that, basically it has silver coloration and the male is bigger sized compared to the female. ... Before you even begin to set up your freshwater fish tank you need to decide where to put it. These dwarf cichlids are best bought young, in a group of six to eight specimens; then, in just a few months, we can expect a pair to be formed. That setup is perfect for bolivians, if you wanted you could add more plants, some rocks, wood. These cichlids live in Bolivia and Brazil. These fish are peaceful, robust, and make an excellent aquarium fish for a general community or dwarf cichlid community.Unlike many other dwarf cichlids, they can be kept in groups of 5 or more, given a tank size of greater than 90cm. The Bolivian Ram (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus) is known under many common names: Butterfly Ram, Bolivian Butterfly Cichlid and Ruby Cichlid. In the meantime the male protects the territory, but sometimes he relieves his partner for a few seconds. Later the fish was placed in the genus Apistogramma; however, as its morphology and spawning behavior are similar to M. ramirezi, it was moved to a new genus set up for that species. Not much is known about the exact habitat of the Bolivian Ram but it is thought that they inhabit shallow waters with areas of dense vegetation and open spaces of gentle flowing water. It will definitely suit the him. The shape of their body is often mistaken as Blue Ram Cichlid but the fins are spread much wider. How do I setup a fish tank? Jul 12, 2016 - Explore Nathan E.'s board "Ram Bolivian, Mikrogeophagus altispinosus", followed by 116 people on Pinterest. Water changes of 40 percent should be performed every other day, using water of the same physical and chemical parameters, as the hatch is sensitive to elevated concentrations of nitrates, which can lead to large losses. Large eyes, a characteristic snout reminiscent of a parrot’s beak, elongated anterior rays of the dorsal fin, a black eye stripe, and a black spot on the lateral line are the traits that dominate the appearance of these beautiful fish. Plants would be a useful element in the tank setup, as these fish look great against the background of lush greenery. They will also leave the corys, danios, and tetras alone, so you don't have to worry about that. Bolivian Rams live in dimly lit and heavily vegetated river bottoms, thus they will prefer an aquarium setup that mimics their natural habitat. Then move up to the German Blue. See the full article on TFH Digital http://www.tfhdigital.com/tfh/200803/#pg93. As their trade name would suggest, the fish are most often found in Bolivia. Bolivian Rams are Cichlids and unlike their closely related cousins (such as the Green Terror Cichlid) they are peaceful. Housing You would expect that Mikrogeophagus would be considered a junior synonym of Microgeophagus, but it is the former name that wound up being judged valid. When the spawning is finished, the female takes the position over the egg plaque and fans it with her pectoral fins; that is, she uses one of them for fanning, and the other to maintain her position above the spawn. With their elegant colors and peaceful temperament, Bolivian rams are like the butterflies of the fishkeeping hobby. The fish are mostly found in shallow, sandy ponds with a temperature of around 27°C (81°F), a pH of 7 to 7.6, and a carbonate hardness below 100 mg/l. That said, they do best with a group of six to eight other Bolivian rams in the tank. A few hours after the cleaning of the stone, the female begins the act of spawning with a few dry runs, while the male watches her keenly. Some researchers believe this species to be more closely related to the genus Biotodoma than the Venezuelan ram, on account of some morphological details, namely the shape of the dorsal fin and the head, as well as the body coloration and the absence of a large spot on the third crossband (typical of Mikrogeophagus ramirezi). They’re a peaceful freshwater fish that can get along with others without any issues. Re: Bolivian Ram tank mates Thu Nov 07, 2013 12:34 pm Blue12am wrote: If you are looking to upgrade your filter, I would look into canister filters because IME, it's well worth it. It’s main coloration is a yellow-tan, but a large part of its body is a grey-blue color also. Come join the discussion about flora, … To keep German blue ram cichlids, keep them in a tank that holds at least 10 gallons of water, and install a heater in the tank since German blue ram cichlids prefer water that's between 82 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit. That setup is perfect for bolivians, if you wanted you could add more plants, some rocks, wood. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. Bolivian Ram Cichlid belongs to the diverse freshwater Cichlidae family. Bolivian Rams (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus) are a beautiful addition to any community tank. Though, they inhabi… This family is very popular in the aquarium trade and includes fish such as Angelfish, Oscar… The Bolivian Ram also requires a few caves in which to hide in and stones to spawn on. These cichlids grow to around 8 to 10 cm (3 to 4 inches) in length, but you should use at least a 50-liter (15-gallon) tank for one adult pair. You should also line the bottom of the tank with sand or gravel and add plenty of plants, rocks, and caves for your fish to hide in. The Bolivian Ram Cichlid is a very beautiful, small, and peaceful cichlid with a friendly and intelligent manner. The tank should have several dense plant groups and plenty of open swimming space. The pH can range from 6.5 to 7.5, the GH should be below 10, and the temperature around 25° to 28°C (77° to 82°F). Their natural habitat consists of mostly sandy bottoms with a scattering of clean flat roc… Hi! A Bolivian Ram is a dwarf cichlid that does not grow more than 8 cm in length. Despite its modest size, Bolivian Rams are fish with high intelligence. When a female catches a male’s eye, he will start courting her, chasing away other admirers. With regard to the aquarium decor, we should not forget fine sand in which these dwarf cichlids will dig zealously. Will ram cichlids attack guppies? The generic name of Mikrogeophagus altispinosus is composed of three Greek roots: mikr, or small; geo, or earth; and phag, or eat (in other words, “small eartheater”), while the specific epithet refers to the elongated first ray of the dorsal fin and was created from two Latin roots: alt, or high; and spinos, meaning spiny. I have one bolivian ram in my 29 gallon tank, but he suddenly started being aggressive and territorial and killing other fish, he already killed 2 and I don't want him to kill any more, so for now I am separating him. The species was originally described as Crenicara altispinosa. The courtship can last for a few days and consists of reciprocal lateral displays and mouthing the stones (or wood) where the eggs will subsequently be laid. Rummynose will do best around 80 but 77-78 is ok for them if you got them with the bolivian ram. The fish will also need a few caves to seek shelter in. I just got him on Sunday, newly set up tank. 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