Dresden remains a major cultural centre of historical memory, owing to the city's destruction in World War II. [citation needed] It was ranked 15th out of 150 cities worldwide and above Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dortmund, Cologne, Frankfurt, and Berlin. Beginning in 1999, right-wing Neo-Nazi white nationalist groups have organised demonstrations in Dresden that have been among the largest of their type in the post-war history of Germany. The Opernhaus am Zwinger presented opera from 1719 to 1756, when the Seven Years' War began. These include the Zwinger Royal Palace, the Japanese Palace, the Taschenbergpalais, the Pillnitz Castle and the two landmark churches: the Catholic Hofkirche and the Lutheran Frauenkirche. The Elector and ruler of Saxony Frederick Augustus I became King Augustus II the Strong of Poland in 1697. Edit this map Dresden Tourist Map near Dresden, Germany. The Dresdner Druck- und Verlagshaus (Dresden printing plant and publishing house) produces part of Spiegel's print run, amongst other newspapers and magazines. Alfred-Darre-Weg, Dresden.jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 7.43 MB. Dresden has been divided into ten districts called "Ortsamtsbereich" and nine former boroughs ("Ortschaften") which have been incorporated since 1990. There are also other churches in Dresden, for example the Russian Orthodox St. Simeon of the Wonderful Mountain Church in the Südvorstadt district. It was built on the old stronghold of the city and was converted to a centre for the royal art collections and a place to hold festivals. . [19] Several researchers have argued that the February attacks were disproportionate. The driest months are February, March and April, with precipitation of around 40 mm (1.6 in). Centre of the city, decoration Galore As I visited many Christmas markets in Europe, I can recommend this one as the art museums very near make it very interesting place to visit. It shows August at the beginning of the Hauptstraße (Main street) on his way to Warsaw, where he was King of Poland in personal union. After 1990 and German reunification, new styles emerged. Find the perfect a street in dresden stock photo. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Dresden, Saxony. Dresden is a spacious city. [citation needed] Another traditional pharmaceuticals producer is Arzneimittelwerke Dresden (Pharmaceutical Works, Dresden). [citation needed]. Sign In / Up. The protected gardens, parkways, parks and old graveyards host 110 natural monuments in the city. Archers • 1935-1937. At that time Dresden was strictly Protestant. The domains of most importance are micro- and nanoelectronics, transport and infrastructure systems, material and photonic technology, and bio-engineering. [55], The city council is the legislative branch of the city government. The later Semperoper was completely destroyed during the bombing of Dresden during the second world war. [117], The Fraunhofer Society hosts institutes of applied research that also offer mission-oriented research to enterprises. [108], Thanks to the presence of public administration centres, a high density of semi-public research institutes and an extension of publicly funded high technology sectors, the proportion of highly qualified workers Dresden is again among the highest in Germany and by European criteria. Get the most out of your experience by having a guide give you historical background information, as you … [61], In 2006, the city of Dresden sold its publicly subsidized housing organization, WOBA Dresden GmbH, to the US-based private investment company Fortress Investment Group. The building is designed in an impressively monumental style, but employs plain façades and simple structures. The A13 and the A17 are on the European route E55. It was taken by the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1316 and was restored to the Wettin dynasty after the death of Valdemar the Great in 1319. From 1985 to 1990, the future President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, was stationed in Dresden by the KGB, where he worked for Lazar Matveev, the senior KGB liaison officer there. A great pedestrian street that leads from the Viennese square to the water front and the places where the greatest monuments in Dresden are. Cite this page as: Dr. Juliana Kreinik, Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris, "Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Featured | Art that brings U.S. history to life, At-Risk Cultural Heritage Education Series. Helpful. During the Nazi era from 1933 to 1945, the Jewish community of Dresden was reduced from over 6,000 (7,100 people were persecuted as Jews) to 41, mostly as a result of emigration, but later also deportation and murder. As a result of the Congress of Vienna, the Kingdom of Saxony became part of the German Confederation in 1815. The most important railway lines run to Berlin, Prague, Leipzig and Chemnitz. The controversial American and British bombing of Dresden in World War II towards the end of the war killed approximately 25,000 people, many of whom were civilians, and destroyed the entire city centre. Yenidze is a former cigarette factory building built in the style of a mosque between 1907 and 1909. Other famous landmarks include the Zwinger, the Semperoper and the Dresden Castle. Dresden Monarchs are an American football team in the German Football League. In addition, significant art collections and museums were founded. Dresden is a city in eastern Germany, featured in German Truck Simulator and Euro Truck Simulator 2. [99], The Kraszewski Museum is a museum dedicated to the most prolific Polish writer Józef Ignacy Kraszewski, who lived in Dresden from 1863 to 1883.[100]. The microclimate in the Elbe valley differs from that on the slopes and in the higher areas, where the Dresden district Klotzsche, at 227 metres above sea level, hosts the Dresden weather station. [citation needed] The Dresden International University is a private postgraduate university, founded in 2003 in cooperation with the Dresden University of Technology. Liga.[124]. [citation needed], During the final months of the Second World War, Dresden harboured some 600,000 refugees, with a total population of 1.2 million. As the number of demonstrators increased to 15,000 in December 2014, so has the international media coverage of it. The Transport Authority operates twelve lines on a 200 km (124 mi) network. Another settlement existed on the northern bank, but its Slavic name is unknown. [44] The Dresden Heath (Dresdner Heide) to the north is a forest 50 km2 in size. With eleven institutions or parts of institutes, Dresden is the largest location of the Fraunhofer Society worldwide. Because of its location on the banks of the Elbe, into which some water sources from the Ore Mountains flow, flood protection is important. Friedrich Schiller completed his Ode to Joy (the literary base of the European anthem) in Dresden in 1785.[17]. Since reunification, the ceremony has taken on a more neutral and pacifist tone (after being used more politically during the Cold War). Kirchner and other Die Brücke artists were influenced by Nietzsche’s ideas about breaking apart morality and conventions in modern Germany. [30] In remembrance of the victims, the anniversaries of the bombing of Dresden are marked with peace demonstrations, devotions and marches. The composer Havergal Brian was born in Dresden in 1876. The first freely elected mayor after German reunification was Herbert Wagner of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), who served from 1990 to 2001. [50] As of 2007[update] the mean age of the population was 43 years, which is the lowest among the urban districts in Saxony. Historicist buildings made their presence felt on the cityscape until the 1920s. In Dresden it begins to cross the Ore Mountains towards Prague. After German reunification the airport's infrastructure has been considerably improved. [67] Bündnis 90/Die Grünen, Die Linke, SPD and Die Partei voted in favour of the statement. Dresden also has a few multiplex cinemas, of which the Rundkino is the oldest. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf is the largest complex of research facilities in Dresden, a short distance outside the urban areas. The Dresden State Operetta is the only independent operetta in Germany. The Sorbian language area begins east of the city, in Lusatia. Kirchner was one of the founders of the Die Brucke. It hosts some divisions of the German Customs and the eastern Federal Waterways Directorate. The park of Pillnitz Palace is famous for its botanical treasures, including a more than 230-year-old Japanese camellia and about 400 potted plants.[84]. Following the Polish uprisings of 1831, 1848 and 1863 many Poles fled to Dresden, among others composer Frédéric Chopin. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Street, Dresden 1908 New York, Museum of Modern Art While visiting Munich in 1903 Kirchner saw an exhibition of Post-Impressionist paintings which had been mounted by a group (The Phalanx) led by Vasily Kandinsky. On the night of 13–14 February 1945, 773 RAF Lancaster bombers dropped 1,181.6 tons of incendiary bombs and 1,477.7 tons of high explosive bombs on the city. - Pferderennsport in Dresden", Homepage of the Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe, the public transport provider, Network maps of the public transport system, https://web.archive.org/web/20200412221256/http://www.neumarkt-dresden.de/, states of the Federal Republic of Germany, Institutional seats of the European Union, Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dresden&oldid=1002068920, Populated places established in the 12th century, Articles with dead external links from September 2019, Articles with German-language sources (de), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Articles needing additional references from June 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from November 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 18:10. [18] It had a capacity of up to 20,000 military personnel at the beginning of the First World War. Between 2000 and 2010, the population grew quickly by more than 45,000 inhabitants (about 9.5%) due to a stabilised economy and re-urbanisation. Notable examples include the Dresden Porcelain Collection, the Collection of Prints, Drawings and Photographs, the Grünes Gewölbe and the Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon. In the early 20th century, the city was represented by Dresdner SC, who were one of Germany's most successful clubs in football. [102], Dresden has a large tramway network operated by Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe, the municipal transport company. View of Basel and the Rhine • 1927-1928. View Location View Map. Nearest Map » Fullsize Share Map. The quarters I, II, IV, V, VI and VIII have since been completed, with quarter III and quarter VII still partly under construction in 2020. During World War I, the city did not suffer any war damage, but lost many of its inhabitants. Built in the 18th century, the church was destroyed during World War II. . In the early 20th century, Dresden was particularly well known for its camera works and its cigarette factories. In 2002, torrential rains caused the Elbe to flood 9 metres (30 ft) above its normal height, i.e., even higher than the old record height from 1845, damaging many landmarks (see 2002 European floods). OpenStreetMap is a map of the world, created by people like you and free to use under an open license. The mayor was originally chosen by the city council, but since 1994 has been directly elected. [60], Local affairs in Dresden often centre around the urban development of the city and its spaces. To help you plan your visit, here is our guide to the best places and shopping areas in Dresden. Schiele, Seated Male Nude (Self-Portrait) Nazi looting: Egon Schiele's Portrait of Wally. [101] In March 2001, a new terminal building was opened along with the underground S-Bahn station Dresden Flughafen, a multi-storey car park and a new aircraft handling ramp. It was the centre of Bezirk Dresden (Dresden District) between 1952 and 1990. The population of Dresden grew to 100,000 inhabitants in 1852, making it one of the first German cities after Hamburg and Berlin to reach that number. Street, Dresden was painted in 1908 by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Three major sectors dominate Dresden's economy: Silicon Saxony Saxony's semiconductor industry was built up in 1969. Home; Search; Stories; Collections; About; upgrade Shows major tourist attractions. Dynamo Dresden won eight titles in the DDR-Oberliga. The transparent factory is located not far from the city centre next to the city's largest park. Until enterprises like Dresdner Bank left Dresden in the communist era to avoid nationalisation, Dresden was one of the most important German cities, an important industrial centre of the German Democratic Republic. Dresden Airport is the city's international airport, located at the north-western outskirts of the city. Dresden, city, capital of Saxony Land (state), eastern Germany.Dresden is the traditional capital of Saxony and the third largest city in eastern Germany after Berlin and Leipzig.It lies in the broad basin of the Elbe River between Meissen and Pirna, 19 miles (30 km) north of the Czech border and 100 miles (160 km) south of Berlin. The areas around the square have been divided into 8 "quarters", with each being rebuilt as a separate project, the majority of buildings to be rebuilt either to the original structure or at least with a facade similar to the original. The city has struggled with migration and suburbanisation. According to the Hamburgische Weltwirtschaftsinstitut (HWWI) and Berenberg Bank, in 2019, Dresden had the seventh best prospects for the future of all cities in Germany.[5]. The nearest German cities are Chemnitz 62 kilometres (39 miles)[41] to the southwest, Leipzig 100 kilometres (62 miles)[42] to the northwest and Berlin 165 kilometres (103 miles)[43] to the north. Dresden is the second largest city in the Thuringian-Upper Saxon dialect area, following only Leipzig. [122] There are some Berufliche Gymnasien which combine vocational education and secondary education and a Abendgymnasium which prepares higher education of adults avocational. Kirchner, Street, Dresden. The urban renewal process, which includes the reconstruction of the area around the Neumarkt square on which the Frauenkirche is situated, will continue for many decades, but public and government interest remains high, and there are numerous large projects underway—both historic reconstructions and modern plans—that will continue the city's recent architectural renaissance. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, "Street, Berlin" Paula Modersohn-Becker, Self-Portrait Nude with Amber Necklace, Half-Length I. Emil Nolde, "Young Couple," 1913. During the reign of Kings Augustus II the Strong and Augustus III of Poland most of the city's baroque landmarks were built. In 1998, a motorway access route was opened. [90] Also known are Galerie Neue Meister (New Masters Gallery), Rüstkammer (Armoury) with the Turkish Chamber, and the Museum für Völkerkunde Dresden (Museum of Ethnology). [86] The Herkuleskeule (Hercules club) is an important site in German-speaking political cabaret. Jawlensky, Young Girl in a Flowered Hat. Dresden's Striezelmarkt is one of the largest Christmas markets in Germany and is considered the first genuine Christmas market in the world. It has institutions of democratic local self-administration that are independent from the capital functions. ‘Street, Dresden’ was created in 1908 by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner in Expressionism style. [29], American author Kurt Vonnegut's novel Slaughterhouse Five is loosely based on his first-hand experience of the raid as a POW. Only a few years later, Dresden suffered heavy destruction in the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), following its capture by Prussian forces, its subsequent re-capture, and a failed Prussian siege in 1760. Dresden is one of the greenest cities in all of Europe, with 62% of the city being green areas and forests. As part of the Helmholtz Association it is one of the German Big Science research centres. Today, the Hellerau reform architecture is recognized as exemplary. … After large incorporations and city restoration, the population grew to 522,532 again between 1946 and 1983. We encourage newcomers to help us flesh out our Peace Talks content and, when Battle Ground is released, our content for that book as well. The city's historic Kreuzkirche was reconsecrated in 1388.[76]. at the Altmarkt. [63] Starting in October 2014, PEGIDA, a nationalistic political movement based in Dresden has been organizing weekly demonstrations against what it perceives as the Islamization of Europe at the height of the European migrant crisis. [citation needed] The uprising forced Frederick Augustus II of Saxony to flee from Dresden, but he soon after regained control over the city with the help of Prussia. [126], Capitals of European states and territories, Dresden is actually the third largest city on the. In addition, several Bundesstraßen (federal highways) run through Dresden. 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